Penn West Announces Its Financial And Operational Results For The Second Quarter Ended June 30, 2015 And Provides Updated 2015 Guidance
Jul 30, 2015
CALGARY, July 30, 2015 /CNW/ - PENN WEST PETROLEUM LTD. (TSX - PWT; NYSE - PWE) ("Penn West", the "Company", "we", "us" or "our") is pleased to announce its financial and operational results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2015 and 2015 guidance update. All figures are in Canadian dollars unless otherwise stated.
Strong operational performance and improvements to our financial position in the second quarter continued to advance our long-term strategy of light oil growth and balance sheet strength.
Production of 91,164 boe per day was within our expected guidance range and was 69 percent liquids weighted. To provide increased transparency into performance of funds flow generated directly from our operations we have adopted a "funds flow from operations" metric. This metric does not include the impact of both foreign exchange hedge monetizations and realized gains/losses from foreign currency debt prepayments and maturities. We expect that this metric will be more comparable on a quarter-over-quarter basis and will demonstrate the consistent delivery of our operating performance. The Company's funds flow from operations was $79 million ($0.16 per share - basic) for the second quarter, which was slightly above $72 million ($0.14 per share - basic) in the first quarter of 2015.
During the quarter, we finalized amending agreements with our lenders, which included modifications to our financial covenants, further increasing our financial flexibility and clearing the way for us to proceed with our development plans in the second half of 2015. As part of these amending agreements, we will offer the net proceeds from asset dispositions to prepay outstanding principal amounts owing to noteholders and to repay outstanding amounts under our syndicated bank facility on a pro rata basis until March 30, 2017 or when $650 million has been prepaid to noteholders. As at June 30, 2015, the Company was in compliance with all financial covenants under its lending agreements, principally, its Senior Debt to EBITDA ratio was 3.2 times, relative to a 5.0 times limit.
We also closed several non-core divestitures during the quarter for total proceeds of approximately $414 million, all of which have been or will be applied to debt repayment as outlined above. We are moving forward on additional non-core asset sales in an effort to further reduce debt and strengthen our balance sheet. We remain confident in our ability to transact on asset dispositions despite the current commodity price environment. As we continue to execute on the long-term strategy for Penn West, these transactions make the enterprise more focused and competitive.
Operationally, we executed the second quarter as planned and focused primarily on completion activities in the Cardium and Viking programs. The unseasonably warm and dry conditions allowed us to get an early start on preparations for our second half 2015 programs. Those same dry conditions, however, also contributed to an early and active forest fire period in certain operating areas which we were able to mitigate. Additionally, there were some volumes offline due to third party pipeline outages during the quarter.
While we continue to witness significant volatility in the commodity and foreign exchange markets, our realized prices remain fairly resilient. The weakening of the Canadian dollar, combined with narrowing differentials between Canadian realized prices and WTI, has helped mitigate the impact of weakening benchmark crude prices. We have also experienced increased stability in our revenues through our ongoing hedging program.
Additionally, we took advantage of the slowdown in activity during breakup to re-evaluate our asset portfolio and second half capital program in the context of lower commodity prices. Our updated evaluations show that Penn West's economics on new wells in the Cardium and Viking remain profitable and very competitive with our peers. We believe the best economic decision is to maintain the majority of our second half drilling program, although we are mindful of the recent crude oil price weakness and will act accordingly should these lower prices persist.
FINANCIAL AND OPERATIONAL HIGHLIGHTS
Note: 7,500 barrels of the hedges for Q3/15 are contracted in USD at $52.00 per barrel and converted at an FX rate of C$/US$ 1.30.
OUTLOOK AND REVISED 2015 GUIDANCE
In December 2014, when Penn West last updated its 2015 capital budget, the forward strip for crude oil was in the range of the Company's Canadian per barrel pricing assumption of C$65.00. Since that time, crude oil prices have declined. Accordingly, the Company has reduced its Canadian crude oil pricing assumption for full year 2015 to C$60.00 per barrel, which is approximately equivalent to US$50.00 per barrel WTI adjusting for foreign exchange and transportation differentials. Consequently, the Company is updating its funds flow from operations guidance range from $500 - $550 million to $350 - $400 million. The decrease in funds flow from operations guidance is largely attributed to lower benchmark oil and natural gas prices, although continued weakness in NGL realizations in the second half of 2015 could have a further impact on reported funds flow from operations. Additionally, the capital budget has been reduced from $625 million to $575 million as a result of a deferral of certain projects and reduced cost estimates.
Table 1: Summary of Changes to 2015 Capital Budget and Assumptions
For sensitivities to key drivers of the Company's business please refer to page 17 of the associated MD&A for the three and six months ended June 30, 2015.
This outlook section is included to provide shareholders with information about Penn West's expectations as at July 29, 2015 for production, funds flow from operations and capital expenditures in 2015 and readers are cautioned that the information may not be appropriate for any other purpose. This information constitutes forward-looking information. Readers should note the assumptions, risks and discussion under "Forward-Looking Statements" and are cautioned that numerous factors could potentially impact Penn West's capital expenditure levels and production and funds flow from operations performance for 2015, including fluctuations in commodity prices and its ongoing asset disposition program.
OPERATED DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY
During the second quarter, Penn West performed a review of its remaining capital plans for 2015. The analysis reaffirmed that Penn West's assets are able to deliver strong economic returns in the current commodity price environment and supports continued development of its core plays in the Cardium and Viking, which remain profitable on a full cycle basis.
The Company continues to realize reductions in well and infrastructure costs due to both innovation in well designs and cost compression in the service industry. In the Cardium and Viking, recently drilled wells are expected to offer cost reductions of approximately 15 to 30 percent relative to a year ago. These cost savings help offset the impact of commodity price declines and are a key factor in the Company's decision to continue investment.
At the end of the second quarter, Penn West had three rigs active with the expectation of adding four more rigs throughout the third quarter.
Table 2: Second Quarter 2015 Core Area Light Oil Development Summary
In the quarter, the teams completed seven (6.7 net) wells and brought 14 (13.7 net) wells on production in the Cardium. Activity was evenly split between Willesden Green in the south and Pembina in the north ends of the play. In the first half of 2015, total well costs were reduced by over 20 percent at Pembina Cardium Unit ("PCU") #9, J-Lease and Easyford. As the second quarter is a light operational period because of the interruption caused by spring break-up conditions, we expect to report current cost performance in our core areas, including the Cardium, with our third quarter results.
Cardium well results as a whole remain generally in-line with internal expectations despite variances between individual wells or groups of wells. Development in the Pembina region was focused in the J-Lease and PCU #9 areas during the first half of the year. Current performance in J-Lease wells continue to exceed expectations while limited regions of lower pressure in PCU #9 are modestly affecting the performance of certain wells. In Willesden Green, production performance on recently drilled wells has exceeded our internal expectations as we continue to further the Company's understanding of the reservoir pressure regimes in the area.
The Cardium development teams initiated post break-up activity with one rig started in late June and have since added four rigs for a total of five rigs currently operating (one in J-Lease, one in PCU #9, one in PCU #11 and two in Willesden Green). After reviewing regional results on wells utilizing a sliding sleeve design, Penn West intends to pursue a cemented liner pilot in the PCU #9 in the third quarter of 2015. The cemented liner system design is expected to increase production control and subsequent water injection to improve waterflood performance over time, which in turn is expected to improve overall project economics. As referenced above, the Cardium team's second half 2015 drilling plans include drilling and bringing six PCU #11 wells on production later this year. This is an emerging area for Penn West with the potential to expand the Company's inventory in an area that has not seen much development activity over the past several years.
In the Viking, the Company drilled eight (8.0 net) wells, completed nine (9.0 net) wells and brought nine (9.0 net) wells on production. Due to dry spring conditions the teams were able to accelerate planned second quarter completions and tie-ins. Planned maintenance downtime was also shifted from the second quarter into the second half of the year. As a result of these events, Viking production is up meaningfully relative to internal estimates. In addition, work on key waterflood infrastructure in the Dodsland area was completed and the teams commenced water injection in the second quarter.
Over the first half of 2015, Penn West has improved per well costs in part by transitioning our completions to a 12 stage, 12 ton technique from the previous 15 stage, 15 ton design. This innovation has resulted in per well savings of approximately $100,000 resulting in drilling and completion costs of approximately $700,000 per well and is expected to further improve the Company's economics in areas that have seen meaningful recovery to date, despite the potential for slightly lower initial production rates. In the first half of 2015, the Company lowered its drilling and completion costs by over 15 percent from the second half of 2014.
In the Company's second half 2015 program, the teams will be drilling several wells with longer horizontal sections in order to produce from reservoir beneath areas with surface access restrictions. While this will reduce the number of wells drilled, the expectation is to maintain overall economics and production rates.
Peace River Oil Partnership ("PROP")
In collaboration with its partner, the Company has finalized the budget for the second half 2015 and first half 2016 development program in the area. Management is pleased to have the full support of its partner allowing for development to be accelerated in the play through the addition of a second rig to the program. The second rig is planned to start in September and carry through to the end of the year. Approximately 90 percent of the Company's expenditures continue to be paid for by our partner in the PROP joint venture.
The Company suspended development activities in Slave Point at the beginning of the year based on its adjusted 2015 capital budget announced in December of 2014. As part of the comprehensive portfolio review over the quarter, the Company continues to believe that while Slave Point economics are above break-even on a half-cycle basis, the full-cycle economics are not yet competitive with many of its opportunities in other core areas, especially in the context of a constrained capital environment. Active evaluation of the play will continue with a focus on cost reductions and expect investment to resume when expected returns are competitive with other internal opportunities.
As part of Penn West's ongoing efforts to control spending and reduce exploratory risk, while maximizing the value of its large asset base, the Company continues to actively pursue farm-out opportunities in non-core development areas. In the first half of 2015, 5.3 net wells were spud on Penn West farm-out lands. We anticipate to have an additional 13 net wells spud in the second half of the year.
COMMON SHARE DATA
This news release includes non-GAAP measures not defined under International Financial Reporting Standards ("IFRS") including funds flow, funds flow from operations, funds flow per share-basic, funds flow per share-diluted, funds flow from operations per share-basic, funds flow from operations per share-diluted, netback and gross revenues. Non-GAAP measures do not have any standardized meaning prescribed by GAAP and therefore may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other issuers. Funds flow is cash flow from operating activities before changes in non-cash working capital and decommissioning expenditures. Funds flow and funds flow from operations are used to assess the Company's ability to fund dividend and planned capital programs. Funds flow from operations excludes the effects of financing related transactions from foreign exchange contracts and debt repayments/ pre-payments and is more representative of cash related to continuing operations. See "Calculation of Funds Flow/Funds Flow From Operations" below for a reconciliation of funds flow to its nearest measure prescribed by IFRS. Netback is the per unit of production amount of revenue less royalties, operating expenses, transportation and realized risk management gains and losses, and is used in capital allocation decisions and to economically rank projects. Gross revenue is total revenues including realized risk management gains and losses on commodity contracts and is used to assess the cash realizations on commodity sales.
Calculation of Funds Flow/Funds Flow From Operations
Oil and Gas Information Advisory
Barrels of oil equivalent ("boe") may be misleading, particularly if used in isolation. A boe conversion ratio of six thousand cubic feet of natural gas to one barrel of crude oil is based on an energy equivalency conversion method primarily applicable at the burner tip and does not represent a value equivalency at the wellhead. Given that the value ratio based on the current price of crude oil as compared to natural gas is significantly different from the energy equivalency conversion ratio of 6:1, utilizing a conversion on a 6:1 basis is misleading as an indication of value.
Certain statements contained in this document constitute forward-looking statements or information (collectively "forward-looking statements") within the meaning of the "safe harbour" provisions of applicable securities legislation. Forward-looking statements are typically identified by words such as "anticipate", "continue", "estimate", "expect", "forecast", "budget", "may", "will", "project", "could", "plan", "intend", "should", "believe", "outlook", "objective", "aim", "potential", "target" and similar words suggesting future events or future performance. In addition, statements relating to "reserves" or "resources" are deemed to be forward-looking statements as they involve the implied assessment, based on certain estimates and assumptions, that the reserves and resources described exist in the quantities predicted or estimated and can be profitably produced in the future. In particular, this document contains forward-looking statements pertaining to, without limitation, the following: under "President's Message", that funds flow from operations metric will be more comparable on a quarter-over-quarter basis and will demonstrate the consistent delivery of our operating performance, that finalizing the amending agreements with our lenders improves our financial flexibility which in turn will clear the way for our development plans in the second half of 2015, that pursuant to the amending agreements, the net proceeds from asset dispositions will be used to prepay outstanding principal amounts owing to the noteholders, and to repay outstanding amounts under our syndicated bank facility, on a pro rata basis until March 31, 2017 or when $650 million has been paid to noteholders, that in connection with the closing of several non-core divestitures during the quarter for total proceeds of approximately $414 million, these proceeds have been or will be applied to debt repayment, the continued moving forward by the Company on additional non-core asset sales in an effort to reduce debt and strengthen our balance sheet, the confidence in our ability to transact on asset dispositions despite the current commodity price environment, the increased stability in our revenues through the ongoing hedging program, continuing to execute on the long-term strategy which will make the enterprise as a whole more focused and competitive, that the best economic decision for the business is to maintain the majority of our second half drilling program and our ability to act accordingly in the future should lower crude oil prices persist; under "Outlook and Revised 2015 Capital Budget", the revised guidance amounts for the Canadian crude oil pricing assumptions for the full year 2015, the 2015 funds flow from operations and 2015 capital budget; under "Long-Term Debt", pursuant to asset dispositions, the commitment to repay at par up to $650 million of the outstanding principal amount owing to noteholders (subject to noteholder acceptance), with corresponding pro rata amounts from such asset dispositions to be used to repay any outstanding amounts drawn under the syndicated bank facility in the event any assets dispositions occur prior to March 31, 2017, the use of proceeds from the recent divestiture to noteholders on August 7, 2015 with the use of exchange rate contracts to fix the offered amounts on the US denominated notes; under "Operated Development Activity", that the analysis on the Company's remaining capital plans for 2015 reaffirm that Penn West assets are able to deliver strong economic returns in the current commodity price environment and continued development of its core plays in the Cardium and Viking, which remain profitable on a full cycle basis, that in the Cardium and Viking, recently drilled wells are expected to offer cost reductions of approximately 15 to 30 percent relative to a year ago and the addition of four more rigs throughout the third quarter; under "Play Updates", in the Cardium, the expectation to report current cost performance in our core areas, including the Cardium, with the third quarter results, the J-Lease will continue to exceed expectations and limited regions of lower pressure in PCU #9 will modestly affect the performance in certain wells, in Willesden Green, recently drilled wells will continue to exceed expectations, the intention to pursue a cemented liner pilot in the PCU #9 which is expected to increase production control and subsequent water injection to improve overall project economics, the bringing on of six PCU #11 wells on production later this year, and the potential expansion of inventory in the area; in the Viking, planned maintenance time being shifted into the second half of 2015, improvements to completions expected to further improve the Company's economics in the area and the drilling of several wells with longer horizontal sections in order to produce from surface access restricted areas, maintaining overall economics and production rates, despite there being fewer wells, because of these longer horizontal sections; in PROP, that a second rig is planned to start September and carry through to the end of the year; in Slave Point, the expectation that investment will resume in the area when expected returns are competitive with other internal opportunities; in "Other Opportunities", the expectation for the Company to have an addtional 13 net wells spud in the second half of the year.
With respect to forward-looking statements contained in this document, we have made assumptions regarding, among other things: the terms and timing of asset sales to be completed under our ongoing program to sell non-core assets; our ability to execute our long-term plan as described herein and in our other disclosure documents and the impact that the successful execution of such plan will have on our Company and our shareholders; the economic returns that we anticipate realizing from expenditures made on our assets; future crude oil, natural gas liquids and natural gas prices and differentials between light, medium and heavy oil prices and Canadian, WTI and world oil and natural gas prices; future capital expenditure levels; future crude oil, natural gas liquids and natural gas production levels; drilling results; future exchange rates and interest rates; the amount of future cash dividends that we intend to pay and the level of participation in our dividend reinvestment plan; our ability to execute our capital programs as planned without significant adverse impacts from various factors beyond our control, including weather, infrastructure access and delays in obtaining regulatory approvals and third party consents; our ability to obtain equipment in a timely manner to carry out development activities and the costs thereof; our ability to market our oil and natural gas successfully to current and new customers; our ability to obtain financing on acceptable terms, including our ability to renew or replace our syndicated bank facility and our ability to finance the repayment of our senior unsecured notes on maturity; and our ability to add production and reserves through our development and exploitation activities. In addition, many of the forward-looking statements contained in this document are located proximate to assumptions that are specific to those forward-looking statements, and such assumptions should be taken into account when reading such forward-looking statements: see in particular the assumptions identified under the heading "Outlook and Revised 2015 Capital Budget"
Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements contained in this document, and the assumptions on which such forward-looking statements are made, are reasonable, there can be no assurance that such expectations will prove to be correct. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements included in this document, as there can be no assurance that the plans, intentions or expectations upon which the forward-looking statements are based will occur. By their nature, forward-looking statements involve numerous assumptions, known and unknown risks and uncertainties that contribute to the possibility that the predictions, forecasts, projections and other forward-looking statements will not occur, which may cause our actual performance and financial results in future periods to differ materially from any estimates or projections of future performance or results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, among other things: the possibility that we are unable to execute some or all of our ongoing non-core asset disposition program on favourable terms or at all, whether due to the failure to receive requisite regulatory approvals or satisfy applicable closing conditions or for other reasons that we cannot anticipate; the possibility that we breach one or more of the financial covenants pursuant to our amending agreements with the syndicated banks and the holders of our senior, unsecured notes; the possibility that we will not be able to successfully execute our long-term plan in part or in full, and the possibility that some or all of the benefits that we anticipate will accrue to our Company and our securityholders as a result of the successful execution of such plan do not materialize; the impact of weather conditions on seasonal demand; the impact of weather conditions on our ability to execute capital programs; the risk that we will be unable to execute our capital programs as planned without significant adverse impacts from various factors beyond our control, including weather, infrastructure access and delays in obtaining regulatory approvals and third party consents; risks inherent in oil and natural gas operations; uncertainties associated with estimating reserves and resources; competition for, among other things, capital, acquisitions of reserves, resources, undeveloped lands and skilled personnel; incorrect assessments of the value of acquisitions; geological, technical, drilling and processing problems; general economic and political conditions in Canada, the U.S. and globally; industry conditions, including fluctuations in the price of oil and natural gas, price differentials for crude oil and natural gas produced in Canada as compared to other markets, and transportation restrictions, including pipeline and railway capacity constraints; royalties payable in respect of our oil and natural gas production and changes to government royalty frameworks; changes in government regulation of the oil and natural gas industry, including environmental regulation; fluctuations in foreign exchange or interest rates; unanticipated operating events or environmental events that can reduce production or cause production to be shut-in or delayed, including extreme cold during winter months, wild fires and flooding; failure to obtain regulatory, industry partner and other third-party consents and approvals when required, including for acquisitions, dispositions and mergers; failure to realize the anticipated benefits of dispositions, acquisitions, joint ventures and partnerships, including those discussed herein; changes in tax and other laws that affect us and our securityholders; the potential failure of counterparties to honour their contractual obligations; stock market volatility and market valuations; OPEC's ability to control production and balance global supply and demand of crude oil at desired price levels; political uncertainty, including the risks of hostilities, in the petroleum producing regions of the world; and the other factors described in our public filings (including our Annual Information Form) available in Canada at www.sedar.com and in the United States at www.sec.gov. Readers are cautioned that this list of risk factors should not be construed as exhaustive.
The forward-looking statements contained in this document speak only as of the date of this document. Except as expressly required by applicable securities laws, we do not undertake any obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. The forward-looking statements contained in this document are expressly qualified by this cautionary statement.
Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
1. Structure of Penn West
Penn West Petroleum Ltd. ("Penn West" or the "Company") is a senior exploration and production company and is governed by the laws of the Province of Alberta, Canada. The Company operates in one segment, to explore for, develop and hold interests in oil and natural gas properties and related production infrastructure in the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin directly and through investments in securities of subsidiaries holding such interests. Penn West's portfolio of assets is managed at an enterprise level, rather than by separate operating segments or business units. The Company assesses its financial performance at the enterprise level and resource allocation decisions are made on a project basis across Penn West's portfolio of assets, without regard to the geographic location of projects. Penn West owns the petroleum and natural gas assets or 100 percent of the equity, directly or indirectly, of the entities that carry on the remainder of the oil and natural gas business of Penn West, except for an unincorporated joint arrangement (the "Peace River Oil Partnership") in which Penn West's wholly owned subsidiaries hold a 55 percent interest.
Penn West operates under the trade names of Penn West and Penn West Exploration.
2. Basis of presentation and statement of compliance
a) Statement of Compliance
These unaudited condensed interim consolidated financial statements ("interim consolidated financial statements") are prepared in compliance with IAS 34 "Interim Financial Reporting" and accordingly do not contain all of the disclosures included in Penn West's annual audited consolidated financial statements.
The interim consolidated financial statements were prepared using the same accounting policies, critical accounting judgments and key estimates as in the annual consolidated financial statements as at and for the year ended December 31, 2014.
All tabular amounts are in millions of Canadian dollars, except numbers of common shares, per share amounts, percentages and other figures as noted.
The interim consolidated financial statements were approved for issuance by the Board of Directors on July 29, 2015.
b) Basis of Presentation
The interim consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Penn West, its wholly owned subsidiaries and its proportionate interest in partnerships. Results from acquired properties are included in Penn West's reported results subsequent to the closing date and results from properties sold are included until the closing date.
All intercompany balances, transactions, income and expenses are eliminated on consolidation.
Certain comparative figures have been reclassified to correspond with current period presentation.
3. Deferred funding assets
Deferred funding amounts relate to Penn West's share of capital and operating expenses to be funded by Penn West's partner in the Peace River Oil Partnership and Penn West's share of capital expenditures to be funded by Penn West's partner in the Cordova Joint Venture. Amounts expected to be settled within the next 12 months are classified as current.
4. Exploration and evaluation ("E&E") assets
5. Property, plant and equipment
In 2015, Penn West has recorded gains on dispositions of $95 million (2014 - $48 million loss), which included $2 million expense related to advisory fees (2014 - insignificant).
6. Long-term debt
The split between current and non-current long-term debt is as follows:
Additional information on Penn West's senior notes is as follows:
At June 30, 2015, the Company had a secured, revolving syndicated bank facility with an aggregate borrowing limit of $1.2 billion and an extendible five-year term (May 6, 2019 maturity date). The syndicated bank facility contains provisions for stamping fees on bankers' acceptances and LIBOR loans and standby fees on unutilized credit lines that vary depending on certain consolidated financial ratios. At June 30, 2015, the Company had $0.7 billion of unused credit capacity available.
Drawings on the Company's bank facility are subject to fluctuations in short-term money market rates as they are generally held in short-term money market instruments. At June 30, 2015, 22 percent (December 31, 2014 - none) of Penn West's long-term debt instruments were exposed to changes in short-term interest rates.
The Company is subject to certain financial covenants under its syndicated bank facility and senior notes. These types of financial covenants are typical for senior lending arrangements and include senior debt and total debt to EBITDA and senior debt and total debt to capitalization, as more specifically defined in the applicable lending agreements. At June 30, 2015, the Company was in compliance with all of its financial covenants under such lending agreements.
Letters of credit totalling $47 million were outstanding on June 30, 2015 (December 31, 2014 - $30 million) that reduce the amount otherwise available to be drawn on the syndicated bank facility.
In May 2015, the Company finalized amending agreements with the lenders under its syndicated bank facility and with the holders of its senior notes to, among other things, amend its financial covenants as follows:
The Company also agreed to the following:
During the second quarter of 2015, Penn West repaid senior notes in an aggregate amount of US$165 million as part of normal maturities and additional amounts of US$202 million, $18 million, £8 million and €1 million of senior notes were prepaid as a result of the offers made at par to its noteholders using asset disposition proceeds. Penn West also repaid a total of $38 million outstanding under its syndicated bank facility using asset disposition proceeds. Penn West records unrealized foreign exchange gains or losses on its senior notes as amounts are translated into Canadian dollars at the rate of exchange in effect at the balance sheet date.
The split between realized and unrealized foreign exchange is as follows:
7. Decommissioning liability
The decommissioning liability was determined by applying an inflation factor of 2.0 percent (December 31, 2014 - 2.0 percent) and the inflated amount was discounted using a credit-adjusted rate of 6.5 percent (December 31, 2014 - 6.5 percent) over the expected useful life of the underlying assets, currently extending over 50 years into the future.
The split between current and non-current decommissioning liability is as follows:
Changes to the decommissioning liability were as follows:
8. Risk management
Financial instruments consist of accounts receivable, fair values of derivative financial instruments, accounts payable and accrued liabilities, dividends payable and long-term debt. Except for the senior, notes described in Note 6, the fair values of these financial instruments approximate their carrying amounts due to the short-term maturity of the instruments, the mark to market values recorded for the financial instruments and the market rate of interest applicable to the syndicated bank facility. At June 30, 2015, the estimated fair values of the principal and interest obligations of the outstanding notes totalled $1.6 billion (December 31, 2014 - $2.2 billion) compared to the carrying value of $1.7 billion (December 31, 2014 - $2.1 billion).
The fair values of all outstanding financial, commodity, power, interest rate and foreign exchange contracts are reflected on the balance sheet with the changes during the period recorded in income as unrealized gains or losses.
As at June 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, the only asset or liability measured at fair value on a recurring basis was the risk management asset and liability, which was valued based on "Level 2 inputs" being quoted prices in markets that are not active or based on prices that are observable for the asset or liability.
The following table reconciles the changes in the fair value of financial instruments outstanding:
Penn West had the following financial instruments outstanding as at June 30, 2015. Fair values are determined using external counterparty information, which is compared to observable market data. Penn West limits its credit risk by executing counterparty risk procedures which include transacting only with institutions within Penn West's syndicated bank facility or companies with high credit ratings and by obtaining financial security in certain circumstances.
Based on June 30, 2015 pricing, a $1.00 change in the price per barrel of liquids would have changed pre-tax unrealized risk management by $5 million and a $0.10 change in the price per mcf of natural gas would change pre-tax unrealized risk management by $2 million.
Subsequent to June 30, 2015, the Company entered into additional crude oil swaps on 2,000 barrels per day of production in the first quarter of 2016 at WTI $70.00 per barrel, 1,000 barrels per day of production in the second quarter of 2016 at WTI $71.50 per barrel and AECO swaps for 2016 on 4,700 mcf per day of production at an average price of $3.13 per mcf.
The components of risk management on the Statement of Income are as follows:
Operating costs for the six months ended June 30, 2015 include a realized loss of $4 million (2014 - $2 million loss) on electricity contracts and for the second quarter a realized gain of $1 million (2014 - $2 million loss).
Penn West is exposed to normal market risks inherent in the oil and natural gas business, including, but not limited to, commodity price risk, foreign currency rate risk, credit risk, interest rate risk and liquidity risk. The Company seeks to mitigate these risks through various business processes and management controls and from time to time by using financial instruments.
There have been no significant changes to these risks from those discussed in Penn West's annual audited consolidated financial statements.
Foreign currency rate risk
In 2015, the Company monetized a total of US$315 million of foreign exchange forward contracts on senior notes and settled US$77 million as part of normal course maturities. At June 30, 2015, the following foreign currency forward contracts were outstanding:
9. Shareholders' equity
ii) Earnings per share - Basic and Diluted
The weighted average number of shares used to calculate per share amounts was as follows:
For the second quarter of 2015, 17.4 million shares (2014 - 12.4 million) that would be issued under the Stock Option Plan ("Option Plan") were excluded in calculating the weighted average number of diluted shares outstanding as they were considered anti-dilutive.
For the first six months of 2015, 17.4 million shares (2014 - 18.7 million) that would be issued under the Option Plan were excluded in calculating the weighted average number of diluted shares outstanding as they were considered anti-dilutive.
Including amounts funded by the Dividend Reinvestment Plan, Penn West paid dividends of $0.01 per share totalling $5 million in the second quarter of 2015 and $75 million in the first six months of 2015. On July 15, 2015, Penn West paid its second quarter dividend of $0.01 per share totalling $5 million.
10. Share-based compensation
Stock Option Plan
Penn West has an Option Plan that allows Penn West to issue options to acquire common shares to officers, employees and other service providers. The current plan came into effect in 2011.
Under the terms of the plan, the number of options reserved for issuance under the Option Plan shall not exceed nine percent of the aggregate number of issued and outstanding common shares of Penn West. The grant price of options is equal to the volume-weighted average trading price of the common shares on the TSX for a five-trading-day period immediately preceding the date of grant. Options granted to date vest over a four-year period and expire five years after the date of grant.
Long-Term Retention and Incentive Plan ("LTRIP")
Under the LTRIP, Penn West employees receive cash consideration, that fluctuates based on Penn West's share price on the TSX. Eligible employees receive a grant of a specific number of LTRIP awards (each of which notionally represents a common share) that vest over a three-year period with the cash value paid to the employee on each vesting date. If the service requirements are met, the cash consideration paid is based on the number of LTRIP awards vested and the five-day weighted average trading price of the common shares prior to the vesting date plus dividends declared by Penn West during the period preceding the vesting date.
At June 30, 2015, LTRIP obligations of $4 million were classified as a current liability (December 31, 2014 - $4 million) included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities and $3 million was classified as a non-current liability (December 31, 2014 - $3 million) included in other non-current liabilities.
Deferred Share Unit ("DSU") Plan
The DSU plan became effective in 2011, allowing Penn West to grant DSUs in lieu of cash fees to non-employee directors providing a right to receive, upon retirement, a cash payment based on the volume-weighted-average trading price of the common shares on the TSX for the five trading days immediately prior to the day of payment. Management directors are not eligible to participate in the DSU Plan. At June 30, 2015, 336,330 DSUs (December 31, 2014 - 181,873) were outstanding and $1 million was recorded as a current liability (December 31, 2014 - $1 million).
Performance Share Unit ("PSU") Plan
The PSU plan became effective in 2013, allowing Penn West to grant PSUs to employees of Penn West. Upon meeting the vesting conditions, the employee could receive a cash payment based on performance factors determined by the Board of Directors and the share price. Members of the Board of Directors are not eligible for the PSU Plan.
The PSU obligation is classified as a liability due to the cash settlement feature. The change in the fair value of outstanding PSU awards is charged to income based on the common share price at the end of each reporting period plus accumulated dividends multiplied by a performance factor determined by the Board of Directors. At June 30, 2015, $1 million (December 31, 2014 - nil) was a current liability included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities and $1 million was classified as a non-current liability (December 31, 2014 - $1 million) and included in other non-current liabilities.
Share-based compensation is based on the fair value of the options at the time of grant under the Option Plan, which is amortized over the remaining vesting period on a graded vesting schedule. Share-based compensation under the LTRIP, DSU and PSU is based on the fair value of the awards outstanding at the reporting date and is amortized based on a graded vesting schedule. Share-based compensation consisted of the following:
The share price used in the fair value calculation of the LTRIP, PSU and DSU obligations at June 30, 2015 was $2.15 (June 30, 2014 - $10.42). Share-based compensation related to the DSU was insignificant in both periods.
A Black-Scholes option-pricing model was used to determine the fair value of options granted under the Option Plan with the following fair value per option and weighted average assumptions:
Employee retirement savings plan
Penn West has an employee retirement savings plan (the "savings plan") for the benefit of all employees. Under the savings plan, employees may elect to contribute up to 10 percent of their salary and Penn West matches these contributions at a rate of $1.50 for each $1.00 of employee contribution. Both the employee's and Penn West's contributions are used to acquire Penn West common shares or are placed in low-risk investments. Shares are purchased in the open market at prevailing market prices.
11. Deferred income taxes
The proposed corporate tax rate increase in Alberta from 10 percent to 12 percent was substantively enacted during the second quarter. As a result of this change, a $60 million charge was recorded in deferred income tax expense during the period.
In 2015, the Company has received Investment tax credit refunds totalling $2 million (2014 - nil) which was included in deferred income taxes.
12. Commitments and contingencies
Penn West is involved in various litigation and claims in the normal course of business and records provisions for claims as required. In 2014, Penn West became aware of a number of putative securities class action claims having been filed or threatened to be filed in both Canada and the United States relating to damages alleged to have been incurred due to a decline in share price related to the restatement of certain of Penn West's historical financial statements and related MD&A. In 2014, Penn West was served with statements of claim against the Company and certain of its present and former directors and officers relating to such types of securities class actions in the Provinces of Alberta, Ontario and Quebec and in the United States. To date, none of these proceedings has been certified under applicable class proceedings legislation. In the United States, the Court has consolidated the various actions, appointed lead plaintiffs, and set a scheduling for the parties to brief a motion to dismiss. Amounts claimed in the Canadian and United States proceedings are significant, but at this stage in the process, any estimate of the Company's potential exposure or liability, if any, are premature and cannot be meaningfully determined. The Company intends to vigorously defend against any such actions.
Penn West is one of the largest conventional oil and natural gas producers in Canada. Our goal is to be the company that redefines oil & gas excellence in western Canada. Based in Calgary, Alberta, Penn West operates a significant portfolio of opportunities with a dominant position in light oil in Canada on a land base encompassing approximately 4.3 million acres.
Penn West shares are listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange under the symbol PWT and on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol PWE.
2015 Second Quarter Results Conference Call Details
A conference call and webcast presentation will be held to discuss the matters noted above at 9:00am Mountain Time (11:00am Eastern Time) on Thursday, July 30, 2015.
To listen to the conference call, please call 647-427-7450 or
1-888-231-8191 (toll-free). This call will be broadcast live on the
Internet and may be accessed directly at the following URL:
A digital recording will be available for replay two hours after the call's completion, and will remain available until August 13, 2015 21:59 Mountain Time (23:59 Eastern Time). To listen to the replay, please dial 416-849-0833 or 1-855-859-2056 (toll-free) and enter Conference ID 74205279, followed by the pound (#) key.
SOURCE Penn West
For further information: